False Accusations of Sex with Juveniles

Detailed comments for Q&A # 22: “Are many people falsely accused of having sex with a juvenile?”. See also the related Q&A # 21: “Are many people falsely accused of rape?”,

In courtrooms across the United States and around the world, children are called to testify against their parents, teachers, neighbors, or strangers for having sexual contact with them. This is an unfortunate but often important burden to place on a child in order to protect other children from inappropriate behavior. But when the alleged activity never took place, or was done by somebody else, the coaxing or coercion of children to provide false testimony can only be a painful experience, especially when those children then carry the guilt of sending an innocent person to prison.

A collection has been assembled of 159 cases of claims that innocent people have been falsely accused of sexually molesting children. Where possible, they are presented with links to court documents and reputable news reports and analyses to allow readers to determine for themselves if they believe justice has been served in these cases.





Abusing a child is a horrible crime. Child abuse is real and we need police and courts to pursue it aggressively and punish the perpetrators. But nobody benefits when the justice system breaks down and punishes innocent people for crimes they did not commit, especially when children are needlessly hurt in the process.

Many people in America remember the McMartin Preschool scandal of the 1980s, in which a half-dozen California teachers were arrested on the most fantastic charges of abusing young children in their care. Most had the charges against them dropped, but one man was held in jail for five years until two successive juries failed to agree on a verdict. Few people know about Kyle Zirpolo, the young man who came forward in 2005 to say that his testimony as a child witness in the case had been coerced by zealous prosecutors and social workers.

Few people also know that McMartin was one of dozens of cases around the same time in which staff in child-care facilities across the United States were falsely prosecuted for sexual activity with their young charges.

And few people know that such false prosecutions go on to this day, and that large numbers of people remain in prisons on life sentences resulting from such prosecutions. If something is not done, many of those people appear destined to die behind bars and more and more people will continue joining them in prison without just cause.

The Table of Cases below lists 159 cases of claims that innocent people have been falsely accused of sexually molesting children. Four of the cases are included for historical context, but the rest have taken place since 1980. In most of the cases, the innocence claims are validated by convictions being overthrown by appeals courts. In many, the courts or other reputable sources have indicated gross miscarriage of justice taking place.

Unfortunately, such a reversal usually only takes place after the wrongly accused has spent decades in prison. Worse yet, in many cases, it doesn't take place at all. In 31 of the cases documented here, as of the latest information available in early 2008, one or more of the claimed innocents remain in prison or in civil commitment.

The links in the Table of Cases go to the background report with more detailed information on each case, including links to online sources of more information, such as official case documents and reputable news reports and analyses.

Some statistics on the cases presented:

Total number of cases159
Official status149 criminal prosecutions, 6 vigilante actions, 4 others
Time21 in 2000s, 58 in 1990s, 76 in 1980s, 4 historical cases
Location130 in the US (23 in CA, 12 NY, 10 TX, 9 WA, 8 FL, 8 MA, 7 OH, and 53 in -6 other states), 5 in Canada, 14 in the UK, 6 in other European countries, 3 in Australia and New Zealand, and 1 in Africa
Cases involving a child-care facility (school, preschool, day care, or babysitting service)31
Cases which included alleged satanic or ritualistic elements25
Total number of claimed innocents (for cases since 1980 with information about the claimed innocents)512 (in 1 cases)
Number of cases in which, as of the latest available information, one or more claimed innocent is still in prison or civil commitment31

The smaller number of more recent cases does not at all indicate a decline in false accusations. It can take years or decades for cases to come to light, before a false accuser steps forward with the truth, or before other information comes to the attention of journalists or advocacy groups convincing them to take up the case and bring it to public attention.

The collection of cases presented here is by no means comprehensive, and there is no assurance that those claimed innocent are indeed so. There is no reliable method for unearthing valid cases of false accusation, and the best method for determining innocence or guilt is a fair trial, which has never taken place in most of these cases. The search that led to this compilation of cases began with the website of the National Center for Reason and Justice and moved on from there to other online listings of cases. Some other cases that are not included in any other listings arose independently in the course of conducting this research.  

Abusing Children and the Law to Obtain Convictions

While we would all like justice to be perfect, law enforcement and criminal prosecution are human endeavors that are unfortunately subject to error and mistaken judgments. This problem has come to the fore in recent years as more and more old murder and rape convictions are overturned through the use of high-tech DNA testing.

The police and courts have the important responsibility of maintaining law and order in society by apprehending and imprisoning people who commit serious crimes. One can excuse people in the legal system for making honest mistakes that lead to the occasional incarceration of innocent people. However, the cases collected here exhibit serious problems that cannot be chalked up to honest mistakes:

  • Many of these cases involve egregious misconduct by members of the legal system, including police, prosecuting attorneys, expert witnesses, and judges. (See examples below.)
  • The sign of an honest mistake is the willingness by those responsible for it to correct it and make amends. But among the many cases where appeals court judges or government inquiries have severely reprimanded police and/or prosecutors for serious misconduct, there is not one case in which an official of any capacity has been penalized in any way for such misconduct. Instead, many of them have gone on to build stellar careers on the backs of their false convictions, including one who became attorney general of the United States. Although some cities, counties, and states have been required by the courts to pay millions of dollars in restitution to those falsely imprisoned, the people who used illegal tactics to obtain the convictions were never called to account for their misdeeds.
  • When evidence arises that gross injustice took place in a number of cases that could exonerate numerous people languishing in prison, it remains incumbent on each individual falsely imprisoned to obtain his or her own legal counsel and mount an expensive appeal. There is no mechanism or movement within the legal system to right its own wrongs.

Those three problems apply to any kind of wrongful conviction, whether for murder, robbery, or child abuse. However, there is a special circumstance when the false accusation is for sexual activity with a juvenile:

  • The hallmark of false accusations of sex with juveniles is the lack of any physical evidence, and therefore the near total reliance on the courtroom testimony of children. Although forced sexual penetration of a child will generally cause distinctive bodily trauma, prosecuted sexual activity can include just touching the genitals, which will leave no evidence. Therefore, such reliance on children's testimony is often necessary. However, there are numerous cases where the actions of prosecutors in obtaining testimony can only be characterized as itself abusive of the children, often far more abusive than any activity defendants were accused of. Several specific examples are given below.

The point of the last problem mentioned is that there can be no doubt from a review of many of the cases cited here that several prosecutors have been guilty of behavior which outside the shield of their official capacity would be clearly classed as child abuse. Hundreds of children have suffered this official abuse by prosecutors, and many of them have come forward to speak up about it in defense of their parents or former teachers or neighbors who have been falsely imprisoned by their tainted testimony. As mentioned above, some of the falsely imprisoned have been compensated with civil awards of millions of dollars. But there has been no movement to compensate or even apologize to the former children who have been abused by the legal system to obtain those convictions.

Some examples of judicial misconduct in the cases collected here include:

  • In Wisconsin, a judge found that the prosecuting attorney had lied under oath. The case was dismissed, but no action for perjury was taken against the prosecutor. [See Robert Wasser]
  • In California, New York, Ohio, and Washington, prosecutors illegally withheld information from defense attorneys. There were no charges filed against them for their actions. [See Anthony Cox et al., San Diego, Concourse Day Care Center, Robert Aldridge et al., William Swan et al.]
  • In California, an appeals court ruled that seven convictions had been obtained by “unprecedented” prosecutorial misconduct. There is no indication that any prosecutor was penalized for it. [See Ricky Pitts et al.]
  • In California, Florida, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Washington, and Wales (UK), police and prosecutors were found to have bribed, threatened, or otherwise coaxed or coerced children into testifying against their alleged abusers. There is no indication that any of these officials has been charged with tampering with those witnesses. [See Anthony Cox et al., McMartin Preschool, Alvin McCuan et al., Harold Snowden, Dade County, Early Childhood Development Center, James Rodriguez et al., Wee Care Nursery School, Westchester-Tremont Day Care Center, Felito Mendoza, Robert Roberson et al., Peter Thorpe et al.]
  • A grand jury in California found that social workers reporting their interview of a girl rape victim had modified the girl's answers to falsely implicate her father. No one was charged with perjury in the case. [See James Wade]
  • In Pennsylvania, a judge is reported to have joked in a formal hearing that “the District Attorney was paying him thousands of dollars to frame” a defendant. [See Felito Mendoza]
  • In Wales, UK, two women testified in court that social workers threatened them that their children would be taken from them if they did not testify for the prosecution. There is no information that anyone was charged with tampering with witnesses in the case. [See Peter Thorpe et al.]
  • A judge in France declared that the case he was trying was too important to allow the defendants to be presumed innocent until proven guilty. [See Dominique Wiel et al.]

Some examples of the abuse of children in obtaining false convictions include:

  • In Ohio, two boys aged ten and twelve were taken to jail and held until they provided false testimony that a man and woman in their building had molested them. The convictions were overturned eleven years later, partly based on the boys' recantations of their testimony, but there is no indication that the police officer who falsely imprisoned them was charged for it. [See Robert Aldridge et al.]
  • In California, an investigation by the attorney general found that prosecutors pressured a witness's foster parents to put her on Thorazine, a drug that made her compliant under questioning. In other California cases, it is reported that a child witness was hypnotized to elicit testimony and another child was given Thorazine and other drugs to encourage cooperation with the prosecution. No actions were taken against the prosecutors for this or for other misconduct found in these investigations. [See Anthony Cox et al., Gerardo Gonzalez et al., James Rodriguez et al.]
  • In Ohio, the children of a poor couple that was imprisoned for raping them have come forward to recant their testimony. Their story suggests that the foster parents used fabricated sexual allegations to keep custody of the children. If the story as told is true, then the lawyers engaged by the foster parents were complicit in the fraud. Yet there is no indication that there has been any investigation of wrong-doing by this couple or their attorneys. [See Jack Barnes et al.]
  • In California, New Jersey, and many other US states, as well as Australia, young children who denied that anything sexual had taken place were led by investigators in blatantly pornographic conversations about their alleged abusers. The investigators demonstrated sexual acts with dolls, and then asked the children if such things had taken place. If the children said no, the investigators repeated the demonstrations insistently until the children gave in and agreed the acts had happened. Engaging children in such brazen sexual talk and demonstrations in any other context is criminal sexual abuse, punishable by a long prison term. As one expert witness testified, “By the process they have put them through, the authorities have taught three to five year olds about deviant sexual behavior of the most gross and irresponsible sort - and at a time when they have no ability to know what is proper behavior … They have been taught to associate violence, stabbing, cutting with sexuality and the effect is worse than if they had been abused.” Yet no investigator has ever been charged for inappropriately engaging young children in sexual talk. [See McMartin Preschool, Gerardo Gonzalez et al., Wee Care Nursery School, Seabeach Kindergarten]

In order to understand the seriousness of this abuse of children by prosecutors, note that many of the cases involve accusations that defendants engaged in sexual activity with their own children. This means that children who were coaxed or coerced to testify often did so against their own parents. Given the fundamental importance of the parent-child relationship, even when it may be dysfunctional, it is difficult to comprehend the pain a child must go through when being coaxed to tell lies about his or her parents. Surprisingly, among the vast literature of psychological studies about the reliability of children's testimony in sexual abuse cases, there does not seem to be one study of the effect on children of being coaxed or coerced to testify against their parents, whether the charges are true or false.

Whether the defendant was a parent, other relative, teacher, neighbor, or stranger, there also seems to be no study of the effect on children of growing up with the guilt of sharing responsibility for falsely imprisoning someone. It seems that this must be a horrible burden to bear. In the 149 cases of criminal prosecution presented here, there are thousands of children who suffered this fate. (At least 360 children were manipulated into making untrue statements against their teachers in just the single case of McMartin, for example.) We get a glimpse of how it feels from the story told by Kyle Zirpolo, the man who came forward in 2005 to retract his testimony in the McMartin case.

Unfortunately, it is apparently not just prosecutors who succumb to the temptation to manipulate young children in their testimony. An appeals court in one case reported that a psychologist interviewing child witnesses for the defense “used suggestive questioning and told the children he was there to help get their uncles out of prison.” [United States v. Desmond Rouse, US Court of Appeals, 8th Circuit, June 8, 2005 (search. 410 F3d 1005 (Case 04-1468, 69, 70, 71)), page 5]

Nonetheless, at least the defense psychologist's manipulation of the children did not involve imprisoning or drugging them, fraudulently keeping custody of them, engaging them in pornographic conversations, or coaxing them to lie about their parents or participate in the false imprisonment of others, as were done in the above examples of abuse by prosecutors. It is hard to understand how the appellate judges and government investigators reviewing those cases could pass over such blatant abuse of children at the hands of the legal system and not do anything at all to address the injuries done to those children.

If our society genuinely cares about the well-being of children, it would seem necessary to do at least the following:

  • Initiate criminal investigations against government officials and others who committed or were complicit in the abuse of child witnesses in prosecutions of sexual activity or other crimes. Where wrong-doing is established, exact appropriate punishments on the perpetrators and make formal apologies to the victims along with appropriate financial compensation.
  • Initiate proceedings to review convictions obtained in those tainted trials, instead of requiring the imprisoned defendants to mount appeals on their own. And again, make formal apologies and provide financial compensation to those who are exonerated.

If prosecutors are allowed to get away with abusing children in such cases, that seems to make a rather perverse mockery of the whole notion of using the law to protect children.  

Table of Cases

Go to the background report with information on all 159 cases.

DateLink to CaseClaimed InnocentsLocaleOutcomeLatest Info
2006 06 10John Greene et al.2Melbourne, AustraliaVigilante murder2007 06 08
2006 02James Perry1Oakland County, Michigan, USProsecution with long imprisonment2006 11 01
2006Veda’s Learning Center1Queens, New York, USProsecution with long imprisonment, still in prison2007 06
2005 02 17David Hicks1Charleston, West Virginia, USProsecution with long imprisonment, still in prison2009 02 04
2004 05Dominique Wiel et al.16Outreau, FranceProsecution with imprisonment, suicide2006 04
2003 10 03Ian Campbell et al.9Isle of Lewis, Scotland, UKProsecution with charges dropped2005 11
2003 04James LeCraw et al.6Toronto, Ontario, CanadaProsecution with charges dropped, suicide2004 07
2002 12Brian Cooper et al.3United KingdomProsecution with acquittal at trial2006 03
2002 09 18Christopher Allen1Troy, New York, USProsecution with long imprisonment, still in prison2004 12
2002 06St. Jean L'Evangeliste Catholic Church1Newton, Massachusetts, USProsecution with long imprisonment, still in prison2009 03
2002Onsy Zachary1U.S.A.Prosecution with long imprisonment, in immigration detention2008 03 19
2001 09 06Christian Activity Center1Marietta, Georgia, USProsecution with long imprisonment, still in prison2008 02
2001Timothy Smith1Covington, Kentucky, USProsecution with long imprisonment, still in prison2006 03 31
2000sJorge Sanchez1U.S.A.Prosecution2008 03
2000sJames Krivacska1U.S.A.Prosecution2008 03
2000sVictor Rosario1U.S.A.Prosecution2008 03
2000 08Edward Kramer1Atlanta, Georgia, USProsecution with long-term house arrest, still under house arrest2008 01 28
2000 08Yvette Cloete1Wales, UKVigilante attack2000 09
2000 07 23Ian Armstrong1Manchester, England, UKVigilante attack2000 07
2000Michael Horgan1London, England, UKVigilante harassment2000 08
2000Victor Terry1London, England, UKVigilante harassment2000 08
1999 05 26Robert Wasser1Walworth County, Wisconsin, USProsecution with case dismissed2003 06
1999 04 15Mark Daer1Walworth County, Wisconsin, USProsecution2003 06
1999Pamela Reser1McMinnville, Oregon, USProsecution with imprisonment2002 06
1998 04 17Ryan Smith1Ashland, Oregon, USProsecution with long imprisonment, still in prison2007
1997 12Jack Carroll1Troy, New York, USProsecution with long imprisonment, still in prison2007 09
1997 08Cameron Todd1Chickasaw County, Mississippi, USProsecution with long imprisonment, still in prison2003 03
1997 06(case) Worms, GermanyProsecution with acquittal at trial1997 06
1997 05Wayne Cservak1Dalton, Georgia, USProsecution with imprisonment1998 03
1997 05Daniel Sanders1Washington, USProsecution2003 09 04
1996 02 14James Love1Hamilton County, Ohio, USProsecution with long imprisonment, still in prison2008 02 15
1996Kenneth Barnes1Maryland, USProsecution with long imprisonment, still in jail2007 12
1996Peter Rose1Lodi, California, USProsecution with long imprisonment2007
1996Thomas Harris1Hays County, Texas, USProsecution1999 03
1995Elsie Oscarson1Vermont, USProsecution with long imprisonment, still in prison2004 12
1995(case)2Bhongweni, South AfricaVigilante murder1998
1995Ross Sorrels1Clark County, Washington, USProsecution2002
1994 12 06Bruce Clairmont1Massachusetts, USProsecution with long imprisonment2005 09 09 
1994 08Jesse Rouse et al.5Yankton Indian Reservation, Marty, South Dakota, USProsecution with long imprisonment, still in prison2005 06 08
1994 06Shieldfield Nursery2Newcastle, England, UKProsecution with acquittal at trial2005 05 31
1994 06Gary Morris1Michigan, USProsecution with long imprisonment, still in prison2005
1994 04 04Robert Roberson et al.43Wenatchee, Washington, USProsecution with long imprisonment2002 11
1994 01Peter Thorpe et al.13Pembroke, Wales, UKProsecution with acquittal at trial1995 10
1994John Quattrocchi1Providence, Rhode Island, USProsecution2001 01 19
1994Elizabeth Ramirez et al.4Texas, USProsecution with long imprisonment, still in prison2008 02
1993 11 03Head Start2Lorain, Ohio, USProsecution with long imprisonment, still in prison2007 03
1993 07 12Bruce Perkins1Waller (Houston), Texas, USProsecution with long imprisonment, still in prison2005 08
1993 06 03Damien Echols et al.3West Memphis, Arkansas, USProsecution with long imprisonment, still in prison2008 01 11
1993 05Gordon MacRae1Keene, New Hampshire, USProsecution with long imprisonment, still in prison2006 11
1993 04 26Felito Mendoza1Allentown, Pennsylvania, USProsecution with long imprisonment, still in prison1994 11
1993 02Robert Halsey1Lanesboro, Massachusetts, USProsecution with long imprisonment, still in prison2006 10
1993 01Ray Souza et al.2Lowell, Massachusetts, USProsecution with long-term house arrest1999 05
1993(case)4Bishop Auckland, England, UKProsecution with charges dropped1995
1992 10 02Michael Kliman1Richmond, British Columbia, CanadaProsecution1998 01
1992 09 09Andrew Torstenson1Walworth County, Wisconsin, USProsecution with long imprisonment, still in prison2007 05
1992 06Ron Sterling et al.9Martensville, Saskatchewan, CanadaProsecution with imprisonment2003 02
1992 03 30Christchurch Civic Creche5Christchurch, New ZealandProsecution with long imprisonment2008 03
1992 01 28Fran's Day Care Center4Austin, Texas, USProsecution with long imprisonment, still in prison2009 03
1992Patrick Figured et al.2Smithfield, North Carolina, USProsecution with long imprisonment, still in prison1994 08
1992Ronnie Gariepy1Hutchinson County, Texas, USProsecution with long imprisonment2000 08
1992John Harvey1Tarrant County, Texas, USProsecution with long imprisonment2004 12
1992Rainer Moellers1Muenster, GermanyProsecution with acquittal at trial1995
1991 11Timothy Durham1Tulsa County, Oklahoma, USProsecution with imprisonment1997 12
1991 07 10Dale Klassen et al.16Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, CanadaProsecution with imprisonment2008 03
1991 05 10Faith Chapel1San Diego, California, USProsecution with acquittal at trial1994 09
1991(case)1San Diego, California, USVisitation curtailed1992 06
1991Robert Izzo et al.2Long Island, New York, USProsecution with imprisonment1995
1991Jimmy Williams1Summit County, Ohio, USProsecution with long imprisonment2003 09
1991(case) Orkney, Scotland, UKChildren removed to foster homes 
1991Michael Parker et al.9Hendersonville, North Carolina, USProsecution with long imprisonment, still in prison1994 02
1990s(case) Ayr, Scotland, UKProsecution 
1990 12 13James Wade1San Diego, California, USProsecution1995 05
1990 06(case)10Rochdale, England, UKChildren removed to foster homes2006 01 11
1990 02(case)65Prescott, Ontario, CanadaProsecution with imprisonment, some may still be in prison2004 01
1990(case)7Bjeugn, NorwayProsecution 
1990(case)1San Diego, California, USProsecution1993 06
1990Marvin Mitchell1Suffolk County, Massachusetts, USProsecution with long imprisonment2001 10 10
1990Jack Broam et al.2Carson City, Nevada, USProsecution1998
1990James Parker1Monroe, North Carolina, USProsecution with long imprisonment2004
1989 11 28George Franklin1Redwood City, California, USProsecution with imprisonment1996 07 03
1989 08 30Jerry Parker1Gerald, Missouri, USProsecution with long imprisonment, still in prison2005
1989 08 28Old Cutler Presbyterian Church1Miami, Florida, USProsecution with acquittal at trial1998 10
1989 08Seabeach Kindergarten4Sydney, AustraliaProsecution with case dismissed1998 02
1989 04Little Rascals Day Care Center7Edenton, North Carolina, USProsecution with long imprisonment1999 09
1989 02(case)10Nottingham, England, UKProsecution with imprisonment, some may still be in prison1997 08
1989Breezy Point Day School2Bucks County, Pennsylvania, USProsecution with charges dropped1997 04
1989Dwayne Dail1Wayne County, North Carolina, USProsecution with long imprisonment2007 10
1989Jay Van Story1Lubbock County, Texas, USProsecution with long imprisonment, still in prison2004 12
1988 03 01Glendale Montessori2Stuart, Florida, USProsecution with civil commitment2008 03 01
1988Felix's2Carson City, Nevada, USProsecution with long imprisonment1998 10
1988Leonard McSherry1Long Beach, California, USProsecution with long imprisonment2001 12
1988Byron Halsey1Plainfield, New Jersey, USProsecution with long imprisonment2007 07 09
1988Paul Ingram et al.3Olympia, Washington, USProsecution with long imprisonment2003 04
1987 12Jimmy Bromgard1Billings, Montana, USProsecution with long imprisonment2002 10
1987 11 25Arnold Friedman et al.3Great Neck, New York, USProsecution with death in prison2007 10
1987 03Gene Bibbins1Baton Rouge, Louisiana, USProsecution with long imprisonment2006 12
1987 01 29Rainbow Christian Daycare Center1Washington, USProsecution with long imprisonment2006 09 24
1987 01 29Kirk Malcom1Washington, USProsecution with juvenile jail time1998
1987(case) Middlesbrough, Cleveland, England, UKProsecution2002 10
1986 07Michael Hall1Mississippi, USProsecution with long imprisonment2004 10 05
1986 04James Watt et al.4White Plains, New York, USProsecution with long imprisonment1987 03
1986 01 20Westchester-Tremont Day Care Center1Bronx, New York, USProsecution with long imprisonment1997 05
1986Arthur Mumphrey et al.1Dobbin, Texas, USProsecution with long imprisonment2008 03 17
1985 10William Swan et al.2Seattle, Washington, USProsecution with imprisonment1994 05 06
1985 06Wee Care Nursery School1Maplewood, New Jersey, USProsecution with long imprisonment2002 04
1985 05James Rodriguez et al.5California, USProsecution with long imprisonment2004 08
1985 04Small World2Niles, Michigan, USProsecution with long imprisonment1998 10
1985 01Brian Taugher1California, USProsecution with acquittal at trial1985 02
1985Concourse Day Care Center1Bronx, New York, USProsecution with long imprisonment1997 05
1985Craig's Country2Clarksville, Maryland, USProsecution with long imprisonment1998 10
1985East Valley YMCA2El Paso, Texas, USProsecution with long imprisonment1998 10
1985John Chronopoulos et al.2Dayton, Ohio, USProsecution with charges dropped1996 03
1985Robert Aldridge et al.2Dayton, Ohio, USProsecution with long imprisonment1997 03 24
1985Larry Youngblood1Pima County, Arizona, USProsecution with long imprisonment2002 08
1985Ricky Pitts et al.7Kern County, California, USProsecution with long imprisonment1999
1985Donna Hubbard et al.3Kern County, California, USProsecution with long imprisonment1996 08
1985Harold Snowden1Miami, Florida, USProsecution with long imprisonment2000 12
1984 to 93(case) Dade County, Florida, USMany prosecutions with long imprisonment; some may still be in prison2002 04
1984 10 07Early Childhood Development Center1Pittsfield, Massachusetts, USProsecution with long imprisonment2008 01 28
1984 10Anthony Cox et al.6Kern County, California, USProsecution with long imprisonment2005 04
1984 09 24John Stoll et al.4Kern County, California, USProsecution with civil commitment2005 04
1984 08Country Walk child care2Miami, Florida, USProsecution with long imprisonment, still in prison2002 04
1984 08Praca Day Care Center3Bronx, New York, USProsecution with imprisonment1997 05
1984 05Yorba Junior High School1Orange, California, USArrest, public accusation1985 02
1984 04 18Jack Barnes et al.4Clermont County, Ohio, USProsecution with death in prison, others still in prison2000 07 15
1984 03McMartin Preschool7Manhattan Beach, California, USProsecution with long imprisonment2005 10 30
1984Sylvester Smith1Brunswick County, North Carolina, USProsecution with long imprisonment2005
1984Georgian Hills4Memphis, Tennessee, USProsecution with long imprisonment1998 10
1984Rogers Park Jewish Community Center2Chicago, Illinois, USProsecution with acquittal at trial1998 10
1984Manhattan Ranch1Manhattan Beach, California, USProsecution with acquittal at trial1998 10
1984Helen Brown et al.24Jordan, Minnesota, USProsecution with acquittal at trial1985 02
1984John Roseman1California, USProsecution with acquittal at trial1985 02
1984Michael Hailey1Glendale, California, USProsecution with acquittal at trial1985 02
1984Edward LaBois et al.2Minnetonka, Minnesota, USProsecution; fugitives for 19 years2003 11 26
1984Fells Acres Day Care Center3Malden, Massachusetts, USProsecution with long imprisonment2004 05
1983 05Ronnie Bullock1Chicago, Illinois, USProsecution with long imprisonment1998
1983Richard McKinley1Homestead, Florida, USProsecution with long imprisonment, still in prison2003 08 29
1983James Waller1Dallas, Texas, USProsecution with long imprisonment2007 03 27
1982 03Alvin McCuan et al.13Bakersfield, California, USProsecution with long imprisonment2004 09
1982Calvin Willis1Shreveport, Louisiana, USProsecution with long imprisonment2005 03 09
1982Wilton Dedge1Sharpes, Florida, USProsecution with long imprisonment2005 12
1981 07 10Alan Crotzer et al.1Tampa, Florida, USProsecution with long imprisonment2006 01 23
1980sGallup Christian Day Care Centers3Roseburg, Oregon, USProsecution 
1980sAl Blanche1Washington County, New York, USProsecution1995
1980sNeil Shumate1Pleasanton, California, USProsecution1995
1980sDebbie Runyon1Washington, USProsecution1995
1980sCora Priest et al.2Sequim, Washington, USProsecution1995
1980sGary Dill et al.2Sacramento, California, USProsecution1995
1980sRuben Babayan1Reno, Nevada, USProsecution1995
1980sLee Fogel et al.4Cincinnati, Ohio, USProsecution1995
1980sDarren Nottensteiner1Essex County, New Jersey, USProsecution1995
1980sHerminia Albo1Bronx, New York, USProsecution1995
1980sDenise Perrigo1Lafayette, New York, USProsecution1995
1980sHoward Weimer1Kern County, California, USProsecution with long imprisonment2005
1980sGerardo Gonzalez et al.27Kern County, California, USMany prosecutions with long imprisonment, death in prison; some may still be in prison1995
1935 05Arthur O'Connell1Suffolk County, Massachusetts, USProsecution with imprisonment1935
1731 09(case)24Faan, NetherlandsProsecution with execution 
1620s to 1690s(case) New England (especially Salem, MA), U.S.A.Prosecution with execution 
1450s to 1782(case)40000EuropeProsecution with execution 

Or go to the background report with information on all 159 cases.  

References on the Issue

The accounts in the Table of Cases include hundreds of references that relate specifically to the details and analysis of each individual case presented. This section provides a selection of more general references on the issues of false accusations and false convictions.


Page posted on January 10, 2008, updated January 16, 2008, February 1, 2008, major revision on April 23, 2008, renamed January 28, 2009, updated January 28, 2009.
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